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  Spartan Rides - The Type R Philosophy 

Categorie: Tech Talk, Spartan Ride, Civic, Type R, FF

Korte beschrijving De Type-R filosofie is een van zuiverheid. Dat een auto zo goed mogelijk moet zijn, en voldoen aan bepaalde kenmerken.
Onderwerpen Spartan Ride, Civic, Type R, FF
Laatste Update 2010

The Type R philosophy is one of purity. That a car must be as good as it can be, and fulfill certain characteristics.

Since it was first applied to a high-performance motorcycle, the Red 'H' Badge has distinguished Honda's purest race-bred engineering. The philosophy behind Type R is not about building the biggest or even the fastest engine. It's about creating a car that epitomises an exhilarating, precision-engineered driving experience.

The Type R name was introduced first by Honda Motorcycles, where the letter R was added to conventional bike names to indicate a performance derivative. For example, the CB "a standard 4-cylinder across-the-frame bike" became the CB-R, a sporting model.

One of the earliest Type R cars was the Honda NSX-R, a stripped-down, lightweight version of the NSX supercar. This was developed in response to claims that the NSX did not have enough power to compete with rival cars from Porsche and Ferrari. The key factor in this argument and a point proved by the NSX-R" was the importance of low weight and as a result the power to weight ratio instead of just increased power.

Philosophy

The Type R philosophy is not about building the most powerful, or fastest car in the world. It is about creating a car that provides a well-engineered, but exciting driving experience. To offer this, every Type R needs to have certain key characteristics:

Racing: An exhilarating driving experience similar to that felt when piloting a racing car.

Involvement: High levels of feedback and involvement in terms of sound, steering response and handling. The driver should feel part of the machine.

Not just speed: Going fast is part of the Type R experience, but it does not define it. The Type R should have above average levels of performance in gear change quality, braking, steering and handling.

Pure: The driving experience should not be diluted or interfered with by driving aids or sound proofing that could detract from the driver's involvement. Simple technology: No traction control, stability control or four-wheel drive. Or indeed any other driver aids that can distance the driver from the experience. Instead, a Type R is based on clever, but simple engineering solutions rather than electronic gadgetry.

Stripped-out: A Type R is not equipped with luxuries such as satellite navigation, hands-free telephones or leather upholstery. It should look and feel like a racing car.

Engineering: To meet the aims set by the philosophy, a different approach is taken during the design and development of a Type R. Therefore, each car possesses a special set of engineering qualities.

Normally aspirated: No bolting on of a turbocharger to give silly power figures. All Type R engines are normally-aspirated, which deliver smoother power delivery throughout the rev range, allowing power to be transferred through the chassis more easily, improving traction and acceleration.

Torsional rigidity: A stiffer chassis improves the handling of the car in terms of balance and adjustability. This makes for a more involving drive.

Type R Time-line

February 1992: NSX-R introduced. Weight is reduced by 265 lbs. Recaro seats and MOMO steering wheel fitted. Stiffer suspension adopted. Production limited to 1995 units.

September 1995: Honda announces the launch of the DC2 Integra Type-R. The Integra Type-R is powered by the B18C 1.8-litre DOHC VTEC engine, specifically developed for the Integra Type-R, with 200 bhp at 8,000 rpm. Standard equipment includes a helical limited slip differential (LSD), sports suspension, a front lip spoiler, a rear spoiler, alloy wheels, a leather wrapped MOMO steering wheel, Recaro seats, and a titanium shift knob.

August 1997: The EK9 Civic Type-R is launched in Japan. It is powered by an exclusively-developed 1.6-liter DOHC VTEC B16B engine that makes 185 bhp at 8,200 rpm. The lightweight B16B engine features a new valve system allowing higher engine speeds, reduced engine friction, improved breathing, and increased compression ratio. Main features of handling include increased body rigidity, reduced weight, sports suspension, torque-sensitive helical limited slip differential (LSD), sports-tuned ABS, and Bridgestone Potenza RE010 tires.

Jan 1998: The Accord Type-R goes on sale in the UK, with a tweaked version of the H22A engine on board. In addition, the Accord Type-R boasts a limited-slip-diff, Recaro seats and a stiffer chassis.

July 2001: An updated version of the Integra Type-R (DC5) is launched for sale in Japan and USA. The special color of Championship White celebrates Honda's first victory in F1. The DC5 Integra Type-R is powered by the K20A 2.0-liter DOHC i-VTEC engine with 220 bhp and a new 6-speed manual gearbox. The suspension adopts clever front suspension and reactive-link double wishbone rear suspension. The Integra Type-R is also equipped with Recaro front seats, a leather wrapped MOMO steering wheel, aluminum pedals, aluminum shift knob, exclusive aero parts and Brembo front brakes.

October 2001: A Type-R version of the 7th generation Civic is announced. It is built at Honda in the UK Manufacturing in Swindon, Wiltshire. The CTR, as it becomes known by enthusiasts, is powered by a 2.0-liter i-VTEC engine that produces 200 bhp. The Civic Type-R goes on to sell over 35,000 units and pick up numerous Hot Hatch of the Year awards.

2002: DC6 Integra Type R on sale. Last Integra Type R?

February 2006: An all-new Civic Type R, based on a three-door version of the 2006 Civic is unveiled at Geneva Motor Show.

March 2007: Japan starts sales on 3rd generation Civic Type R; a sedan which might be the last hardcore Civic Type R.

2008: The remarkable 2008 Civic Type R speaks for its self: more design, less involving/ rewarding drive.

Example: Civic Type R timeline

Honda Civic Type-R model history

1st Generation - EK9 Civic Type-R

August 1997: The EK9 Civic Type-R is launched in Japan. It is powered by an exclusively-developed 1.6-liter DOHC VTEC B16B engine that makes 185 bhp at 8,200 rpm. The lightweight B16B engine features a new valve system allowing higher engine speeds, reduced engine friction, improved breathing, and increased compression ratio. Main features of handling include increased body rigidity, reduced weight, sports suspension, torque-sensitive helical LSD, sports-tuned ABS, and Bridgestone Potenza RE010 tires.

This is the most hardcore Civic Type R ever.

2nd Generation EP3 Civic Type-R

October 2001: A Type-R version of the 7th generation Civic is announced. It is built at Honda in the UK Manufacturing in Swindon, Wiltshire. The CTR, as it becomes known by enthusiasts, is powered by a 2.0-liter i-VTEC engine that produces 200 bhp. The Civic Type-R goes on to sell over 35,000 units and pick up numerous Hot Hatch of the Year awards.

Less hardcore than it's predecessor, but this is the most practical Civic Type R ever.

3rd Generation FD2 Civic Type-R (Japan only)

The Japanese market Civic Type R (FD2) went on sale on the 30th March 2007. For the first time the JDM Civic is sold as a four door sedan rather than a three door hatchback. The new Japanese model's engine output is higher than the European version's, with 222bhp (225 PS) being developed at 8,400rpm and 159lb ft (215 NM) of torque peaking at 6,100rpm (versus 198bhp at 7,800rpm and 142lb ft at 5,600rpm for the European model). Drive is fed through a close ratio six speed gearbox, and a limited slip differential is fitted as standard. The front brake discs are fitted with four pot Brembo calipers, and the car runs on 225/40 R18 Bridgestone Potenza RE070 tyres. A Type R aero kit and trademark black and red bucket seats complete the package.

Honda claims the body is 50% more rigid than the previous Japan-only Integra Type R, and the new model features an independent rear suspension rather than the torsion beam configuration used on the latest European Civic Type-R. To save weight, aluminum is used extensively and bonded with adhesive instead of welded.

This is the 2nd place most hardcore Civic Type R ever: and in general the best rounded Civic Type R.

3rd Generation FN Civic Type-R

The European market Civic Type R is offered only as a three door hatch back and uses a different chassis based on the Honda Fit. The rear suspension formerly a double wishbone set up has been changed to a less complex torsion beam axle. The drive train is largely the same as the out going model offering 198 bhp at 7,800rpm and 142lb ft of torque at 5,600 rpm. The new European Civic Type R has met with criticism from evo magazine who complained that it falls short dynamically when compared to rivals like the European market Ford Focus ST and Volkswagen Golf GTi particularly in the areas of steering and chassis balance.

This is the softest Civic Type R, and a shame for the type R logo (the engine is still spot on but the chassis is just not and the civic gets too fat).

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